भारतीय लोक प्रशासन संस्थान
Building Capacity for Good Governance

Good Governance and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - 2019

Prof. C. Sheela Reddy


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) building upon the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), are universal call to action towards reorienting the world on to a more sustainable path. They express a bold commitment and reflect an approach that perceives the environment, economy and society as embedded systems. The goals, being universal and country driven, are aspirational and interconnected. The success of one goal involves tackling related issues more commonly associated with others. They are key to Leaving No One Behind (LNOB), encompassing comprehensiveness, inclusiveness and equity, making the quality of governance crucial. This resonates with the spirit of India’s national development goals and agenda of, ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas’ or ‘Collective efforts, Inclusive growth,’. The path towards SDGs requires dynamic channels of Good Governance constituting effective linkages. It is imperative to initiate actions towards key governance issues like rule based governance, quality administration and management, transparency, accountability, anti- corruption mechanisms, etc. This entails integration, participation and reflexivity at multiple levels in governance. The coordination between different policy levels and sectors by integrating horizontal and vertical integration mechanisms; participatory arrangements incorporating stakeholders into decision-making processes and the role of effective quantitative and qualitative monitoring mechanisms to constantly review and revise the strategies assume significance. The SDG agenda being transformative necessitates the effective use of public resources, fostering inclusive and accountable processes and ensuring robustness of data for good governance.

Against this backdrop, this paper is an attempt to validate (justifiably) the inter-linkage of SDGs and the varied facets of good governance advanced through schemes and policy rubrics endorsed by the present Government of India. Additionally, it will also accentuate the interventions of different ministries both at the state and local level, civil societies, democratic institutions in this direction facilitating a paradigm shift in nurturing and bringing out a positive and desired impact nationally. The paper will dwell on aspects that need strengthening for improved governance to leverage full potential and further partnerships for accomplishing the SDGs. It will also endeavour to make suggestions and recommendations which could serve as a catalyst for coordinated efforts in the realization of SDGs.

Keywords: SDGs, Good Governance, Integration, Participation, Reflexivity